XHUM3D™ is a web-based visualization application that helps medical students in their studies in medicine through whole body anatomical approach to basic and clinical science with a customizable working area with facilities for social networking, document sharing, wiki, annotations and full semantic search based on known standard ontology in medicine. It is an interactive tool for medical students, practitioners and teachers to explore the human anatomy in relations to various physiological systems either from the medical knowledgebase to 3D digital bodies or vice versa. It is a fresh approach in teaching intricate details of human anatomy and system physiology using advanced computer-imaging and visualization technologies to create “Digital Cadaver” which can be repeatedly ‘dissected’ and explored without the fear of destructing the body.

XHUM3Dhum3D™ has applications in three (3) areas:


  • Visualization of complex structures and anatomy correlated to medical knowledgebase;


  • More efficient access and navigation to delicate structures of a real human body; and


  • Bi-directional synchronized visual integration of diverse information within a knowledgebase to 3D reconstructed  volumes and multi-planner reformatted images.

XHUM3D3D™ is designed and developed from actual MSCT DICOM images taken from human bodies that had natural death. The software renders digital human from multislice computed tomography (MSCT) DICOM data with its high definition visualization technology and captures the greatest definition of human anatomy, in voxel, the elementary cuboids component of a digital representation of a 3D object. Since the 3D digital human is built from actual human DICOM data, the characteristics and dimensions of visualized human body and organs are more accurate than drawings in textbooks, animations, graphical illustrations, 2D photography or moulded models.



3D Visualization

XHUM3D™ 3D browser renders real-time 3D volumes and creates an intelligently annotated digital human. The 3D Visualization browser is complete with easy to use navigational tools for effective learning which allow the user to interact with the visuals by various tools at user disposal. It  has an inbuilt list of highly customized pathology specific presets which is based on differences in the densities (Hounsfield Unit) of the different anatomical parts. The preset enables the visualization of different layers of the human body in a mouse click, from the skin down to the bones, viscera and cavity. The digital human can be zoomed in/out, rotated in any axis, sliced, annotated with text and snapshot or video recorded for later reference.


The 3D voxel data provide the medical students with the spatial depth impression that is important in understanding the anatomy, resembling the cadaver dissection. On top of that, the system can also accommodate expanding 3D volume and Multi Planar Reformation images of cadaver with age, sex and pathological variation; which enriches and strengthens the medical knowledge bases.



The Semantic Browser displays anatomy ontology in a graphical and interactive way which enables the user to explore and navigate easily through the knowledgebase. The ontology can be displayed in 3 main views; namely Graphical, HTML and Type Hierarchy. The current version of XHUM3D3D™ has an extensive ontology with regards to gross human anatomy of four (4) main systems of human body, namely: osteology, respiratory, cardiovascular/circulatory and excretory (kidney urethra bladder) system. 



The 3D volumes and Semantic Knowledgebases are integrated and synchronized through socket communication, it allows user to explore the human anatomy and its various systems either from the medical ontology to images or vice versa.